Review of Cartoon Metaphor

From Overview: What We Are:

Consciousness funnels the gist of all the subconscious, parallel information streams from the senses and memory down into a simplified, “cartoon”-like representation1. It performs simple, logical operations on this abridged representation to make high-level decisions. The mind needs to create this “dumbed-down” internal perspective where it does the logic processing that will direct the body, and this is what consciousness is: a subroutine in the brain that is the focal point of single-stream step selection (I call this subroutine SSSS for short).

From Insight 4:

Consciousness exists to facilitate reasoning. Consciousness exists because we continually encounter situations beyond the range of our learned responses, and being able to reason out effective strategies works much better than not being able to. We can do a lot on “autopilot” through habit and learned behavior, but it is too limited to get us through the day. Most significantly, our overall top-level plan has to involve prioritizing many activities over short and long time frames, which learned behavior alone can’t do. Logic, inductive or deductive, can do it, but only if we come up with a way to interpret the world in terms of propositions composed of symbols. This is where a simplified, cartoon-like version of reality comes into play. To reason, we must separate relevant from irrelevant information, and then focus on the relevant to draw logical conclusions. So we reduce the flood of sensory inputs continually entering our brains into a set of discrete objects we can represent as symbols we can use in logical formulas.

From An overview of computation and the mind:

… how exactly can reasoning help in a world of particles? It starts, before reasoning enters the picture, with generalization. The symbols we represent don’t exist as such in the physical world. We represent physical objects with idealized representations (called concepts) that include the essential characteristics of those objects. Generalization is the ability to recognize patterns and to group things, properties, and ideas into categories reflecting that similarity. It is probably the most important and earliest of all mental skills. But it carries a staggering implication: it shapes the way minds interpret the world. We have a simplified, stripped down view of the world, which could fairly be called a cartoon, that subdivides it into logical components (concepts, which include objects and actions) around which simple deductions can be made to direct a single body. While my thrust is to describe how these generalized representations support reason, they also support associative approaches like intuition and learned behavior. The underlying mechanism is feedback: generalized information about past patterns can help predict what patterns will happen again.

From Insight 5:

Consciousness is a simplified, “cartoon”-like version of reality with its own feel. We are not zombies or robots, pursuing our tasks with no inner life. Consciousness feels the way it does because the overall mind, which also includes considerable subconscious processing of which we are not consciously aware, cordons off conscious access to subconscious processing not deemed relevant to the role of consciousness. The fact that logic only works in a serial way, with propositions implying conclusions, and the fact that bodies can only do one thing at a time, put information management constraints on the mind that consciousness solves. To develop propositions on which one can apply logic that can be useful in making a decision, one has to generalize commonly encountered phenomena into categories about which one can track logical implications. So we simplify the flood of sensory data into a handful of concrete objects about which we reason. These items of reason, generically called concepts, are internal representations of the mind that can be thought of as pointers to the information comprising them.

  1. “all their previous life experience is being summed up in their conscious awareness and their contextual memory.”, Conscious Survival in the Wild, Chris King, 2016, “Space, Time and Consciousness”, University of Auckland